Sablan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Benguet. Situated on the midwestern side of Benguet Province, it is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Burgos, La Union and Municipality of Kapangan, Benguet; on the east by the Municipalities of La Trinidad and Tublay, Benguet; on the south by the City of Baguio and the Municipality of Tuba, Benguet; on the west.
The area of Sablan is estimated at 91.68 sq.km or roughly 9,168 hectares with a population of 9,652 people in 1,873 households according to the 2000 census. The area of Sablan roughly constitutes 3.45 percent of the land area of the Province of Benguet.
The name "Sablan" got its name from a tree called "SABDANG" that grew abundantly along and around the Sablan river which was found by early settlers who migrated to the place. The Sabdang tree blooms with its beautiful red bright colored flowers during the summer season. The tree grows up to fifty feet tall with many branches. During the Month of February, it bears fiery red flowers, buds open and the leaves start to fall. When the trees are in full bloom, it appears as though it has no leaves but all flowers which makes it even more distinctively beautiful among all trees.
There are no original settlers in this municipality besides the immigrants from Bantay Dose (now called San Pascual in Tuba, Benguet) Kabayan, Bokod, La Trinidad, Atok, and other neighboring towns, mostly Ibalois. Only in the latter part of 1970's that Ilocanos and other lowlanders migrated to Sablan.
Sablan is politically subdivided into 8 barangays.
How to get here:
The municipality can be reached thru the national road which connects it to the Province of La Union and Benguet and the City of Baguio making it accessible to all kinds of vehicle. Except for the two barangays of Bagong and Balluay, it is accessible only by foot.
Sablan serves as the watershed of major river systems in Luzon where one-mini-hydro is located.
Tributaries feed the following major rivers from most of the barangays of Sablan:
The municipality is endowed with numerous natural and man made tourist attractions which are located in the barangays.
a. Toweng waterfalls - located in Poblacion, Sablan, Benguet. It is the local attraction in the municipality. If developed, tourists will surely enjoy such magnificent sight.
b. panoramic view - located in Yagyagan. This spot attracts local tourist as well as foreigners. It gives a panoramic view of Lingayen Gulf and the China Sea especially during sunset time.
c. Other tourist spot includes the commercial display of seasonal fruits, vegetables and brooms along side the Naguilian Road particularly at Poblacion, Sablan.
The climate of Sablan is comparable to the climate of Benguet which is classified under two pronounce seasons. The dry season is from December to April while the rainy season is from May to November. The average rainfall of Benguet is 176.73 inches. The driest month is February and the wettest month is August followed by the month of July.